By: Geoff Gaherty
The sun will look like a ring of fire above some remote parts of the world next Tuesday (April 29) during a solar eclipse, but most people around the world won't get a chance to see it.
Whereas lunar eclipses occur only when there's a full moon, and solar eclipses only happen during a new moon. Half the world saw a lunar eclipse during the full moon on April 15. When a lunar eclipse occurs, it usually means there is also a solar eclipse at the preceding or following new moon.
Tuesday's solar eclipse is known as an "annular" — rather than "total" — lunar eclipse. That’s because Tuesday's eclipse will occur when the moon is close to its farthest distance from the Earth, making it too small to cover the sun completely. The resulting effect looks like a ring of fire, called an "annulus," appears around the silhouette of the moon. ['Ring of Fire' Annular Solar Eclipse of April 29, 2014 (Visibility Maps)]
But most people won't see the whole eclipse. The only place in the world where thisannular eclipse will be visible is a small area in Antarctica. However, partial phases of the eclipse will be visible in other places. Most of those areas are in the ocean — rarely traveled ocean, in fact — but the entire continent of Australia will get a good view.
The best view of the eclipse will be from the island state of Tasmania. From Hobart, the capital of Tasmania, the eclipse will begin with the moon taking a tiny nick out of the sun's edge at 3:51 p.m. local time (0551 GMT). Maximum eclipse will be at 5 p.m. (0700 GMT), and the sun will set at 5:17 p.m. (0717 GMT). The farther north you go in Australia, the less the moon will cover the sun. In Sydney, the eclipse will begin at 4:14 p.m. and will be at maximum — 52 percent covered — at 5:15 p.m. The sun will set in eclipse two minutes later.Skywatchers in the western parts of Australia will be able to see the end of the solar eclipse. In Perth, the eclipse begins at 1:17 p.m. (0517 GMT), is at maximum (59 percent) at 2:42 p.m. (0642 GMT), and ends at 3:59 p.m. (0759 GMT).
WARNING: Never look directly at the sun during an eclipse with a telescope or your unaided eye; severe eye damage can result. (Scientists use special filters to safely view the sun.)
Partial solar eclipses have the greatest potential for eye damage because at no time is the sun completely covered by the moon. The sun itself is no more dangerous during an eclipse. The danger comes from people's desire to look at it, to overcome the natural reflex that forces us to look away from the sun.
The safest way to view a solar eclipse is to project its image. The easiest way to do so is with a pinhole camera. The longer the projection distance from the pinhole to the viewing screen, the larger the sun will appear. Natural pinholes are often formed by gaps between tree leaves, covering the ground beneath with miniature eclipses. A small mirror on a window ledge can project a fine image on the ceiling or far wall, suitable for viewing by a whole room full of people.
You should never attempt to look directly at the sun without a proper solar filter, available from telescope stores, planetariums and science centers. This is especially true if you're viewing it through binoculars or a telescope. There is no way to create your own safe filter from ordinary materials, so don't risk it.
Editor's Note: If you live in the populated visibility path and snap an amazing picture of the April 29 solar eclipse, you can send photos, comments, and your name and location to managing editor Tariq Malik at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was provided to Space.com by Simulation Curriculum, the leader in space science curriculum solutions and the makers of Starry Night and SkySafari. Follow Starry Night on Twitter @StarryNightEdu. Follow us @Spacedotcom,Facebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com.
By: The Week
Ronald McDonald has replaced his passé overalls with a chic vest and pants combo, showing that just because you're a clown, you don't have to look like one.
The Associated Press reports it is all part of a new campaign by McDonald's to boost weak sales. Ronald left the spotlight a few years ago, keeping a low profile due to criticism from activists who thought he was peddling unhealthy food to children. Now he's back with a new look and an appreciation of social media: Ronald is going to become active on Twitter, using the hashtag #ronaldmcdonald to share photos and videos (according to the AP, Ronald will not have his own handle, at least not yet).
"Selfies…here I come! It's a big world and now, wherever I go and whatever I do…I'm ready to show how fun can make great things happen," the character said in a statement.
The world's most famous clown may be wearing new digs, but one thing that hasn't changed is his taste in footwear. "His iconic big red shoes will remain the same," McDonald’s said in a statement. Watch a video of Ronald's transformation below. --Catherine Garcia
BY SASHA GOLDSTEIN
Barefoot and wearing a black veil, the man dropped a large backpack shortly before being apprehended by police. The area is on high alert as commemorations for the victims of last year's bombing are underway Tuesday.
The area around the Boston Marathon finish line has been evacuated as cops investigate two suspicious backpacks left along Boylston Street.Ceremonies throughout the day commemorated the victims on the one year anniversary of the bombing at the site that killed three and injured more than 260 people.
Around 7 p.m., a barefoot man wearing a black veil and yelling “Boston Strong!” as he ran left one of the backpacks at the finish line near Boylston and Dartmouth, WBZ-TV reported.
The man was detained, and police have ordered media and bystanders to clear the area as the large black backpack is investigated.
Police confirmed just after 7:30 p.m. that the department is investigating the two backpacks.
A bomb squad is now on scene approaching the bag.
Two pressure-cooker bombs in backpacks were left near the finish line last April 15 and detonated around 2:49 p.m., killing and injuring scores of people and sending Boston into chaos.
JARED WICKERHAM/GETTY IMAGESBoston Police officers patrol a section of Boylston Street on their bikes while it is closed off to traffic prior to the flag raising ceremony commemorating the one-year anniversary of the Boston Marathon bombings on Boylston Street near the finish line on April 15, 2014 in Boston, Massachusetts. Last year, two pressure cooker bombs killed three and injured an estimated 264 others during the Boston marathon, on April 15, 2013.
The annual marathon is scheduled for April 21 this year.
By Sheila Cosgrove Baylis
The Fast and the Furious will go on, with Paul Walker's brothers, Caleb and Cody Walker, helping to fill in the late actor's remaining action scenes.
The franchise posted "A Note to the Fans" on Facebook Tuesday to thank audiences "for the love and support you always show us" and to confirm that the latest film in the series, The Fast and the Furious 7, will be completed.
"Our family experienced an unthinkable shock in November," the post says. "We had to take time to grieve Paul, the brother we love and lost, and to figure out if we should move on with our film."
"We came together and all felt the only choice was to continue. We believe our fans want that, and we believe Paul would want that too. Paul had already shot his dramatic scenes and most of his action for FAST & FURIOUS 7, and it's among the strongest work of his career."
"We have resumed shooting and now welcome Paul's brothers, Caleb and Cody, into our FAST family. Caleb and Cody are helping us complete some remaining action for their brother and fill in small gaps left in production. Having them on set has made us all feel that Paul is with us too," the post says.
The producers go on to confirm Vin Diesel's announcement that the film will be released next spring, and that its completion "will allow the character of Brian O'Conner to live on and let us celebrate Paul in his most defining role."
And although our older comment system will still be around, we've decided to pick up the social feed! Introducing, Blogging Blogger's very own comment box! #CheckIt
By Kanti Kasa
January 29th 2014
And just when you thought the stories of HAARP was all over! Well apparently, HAARP definitely exists, and is still being used today! We've stumbled across a video which was posted this morning regarding snow, and how it did not melt normally.. but it was more, on the scale of "Not Normal", and just plain weird! The snow melted like nothing.. as a matter of fact, it melted more like Styrofoam! Crazy right? We thought so too, which is why we decided to share the video with you all.
The video was made and posted by the artist; Dredlakh RA
"Is this even eatable?" I've wondered and asked out loud.
When kids go outside to play in the snow during the cold winter season, the first thing they do is look up to the sky, and open their mouths to try to catch the cold flakes, only to see what it tastes like. Is this even safe to do anymore? So many questions, though they haven't.. really been answered. I guess with Styrofoam snow, kids might as well eat the Styrofoam which comes in packages.
What are your thoughts on this? Feel free to leave a comment!
Fantasy Crew's WHHA Radio Show writer; Kanti Kasa
Published January 29th 2014; CopyRight © 2014
The video was published and created by Dredlakh RA - All Rights Reserved
Photo: Instagram: jon_derosa
Military helicopters land in West Mifflin Tuesday ahead of President Barack Obama's visit on Wednesday. The aircraft circled Downtown Pittsburgh on a practice run before landing.
By Kanti Kasa
January 29th 2014; President Obama's plane has landed and he will be in West Mifflin Steel Plan of Pittsburgh, PA, regarding the SOTU speech he made yesterday, to reach out to the community and encourage minimum wage to be raised! He also plans to visit other states, and cities.
In the afternoon, the President will return to Washington, DC. The departure from Pittsburgh International Airport and the arrival on the South Lawn are open press.
[ 12:15PM THE PRESIDENT arrives Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Pittsburgh International Airport; Open Press ]
[ 1:20PM THE PRESIDENT tours U. S. Steel Irvin Plant
West Mifflin, Pennsylvania Pooled Press ]
1:45PM THE PRESIDENT delivers remarks on retirement
U. S. Steel Irvin Plant, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania
Open to Pre-Credentialed Media
3:10PM THE PRESIDENT departs Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania en route Joint Base Andrews
Pittsburgh International Airport
By WBRC Staff - email
Posted: Jan 28, 2014 3:03 PM EST
Updated: Jan 28, 2014 8:37 PM EST
If you can see a business, church or other establishment that you can drive or walk to, authorities urge you to do so before dark.
Law enforcement and emergency personnel also recommend that if you are already in a warm place, you should consider staying there for the duration.
Here are a list of places that have made themselves available for drivers to find shelter and a place to stay warm:
-Birmingham Botanical Gardens are temporarily open as a shelter for drivers
-Boutwell Auditorium in Birmingham (open as a warming shelter through Thursday morning)
-Southside Baptist Church, 1016 19th St. S.
-UAB Rec Center
-Pleasant Hills Missionary Baptist Church in Ensley on Avenue C
-K & M Auto Services, LLC, 501 University Blvd.
-Hunter Street Baptist Church in Hoover
-Hoover Rec Center, 600 Municipal Drive
-Hoover City Hall, 100 Municipal Lane
-Hoover fire stations
-Greystone Elementary, 300 Village Street
-Spain Park High School, 4700 Jaguar Drive
-Hoover Public Safety Center Court Room, 2020 Valleydale Road
-Prince of Peace Church - 4050 Preserve Parkway, Hoover
-Pelham Civic Center. City officials say to call 911 only in a life-threatening emergency due to the call volume. The police department's non-emergency line is 205-620-6550.
-Southeastern Bible College on Valleydale Road has opened as a warming station (hot coffee, bathrooms, soup, etc.).
-University of Montevallo Student Activity Center, UM Station 6630, Montevallo, AL 35115
-Honors Salon at 4500 Valleydale Road
-Sports Blast on US 280 at Highway 41
-Helena United Methodist Church, 2035 Highway 58
-Brown Heating and Cooling, 400 Brook Lane Drive in Hueytown
-Horizon Church - 2345 Columbiana Road in Vestavia
-The YMCA on Columbiana Road in Vestavia Hills
-Greater Birmingham Humane Society, 300 Snow Drive in Homewood
-First Baptist Church of Birmingham, 2309 Lakeshore Drive (Homewood)
-Dawson Baptist Church Rec Center, 1114 Oxmoor Rd, Birmingham, AL 35209
-Oakmont United Methodist Church, 914 Oak Grove Rd.
-Rec Center, 809 Green Springs Highway
-St. Mark United Methodist Church - 2901 Columbiana Road in Vestavia
-First United Presbyterian Church of Forestdale - 1375 Tomahawk Road
-True Life Baptist Church, 275 Chickasaw Drive, Forestdale
-Cahaba Valley Fire Department
-Canterbury United Methodist Church, 350 Overbrook Road in Mountain Brook
-Trussville City Hall, 131 Main Street
-Trussville Civic Center, 5381 Trussville Clay Road
-Taylor United Methodist Church on Sweeny Hollow Road is open as a shelter. This is in the Chalkville/Clay/Pinson area.
-Church at Brook Hills main building is open at 3145 Brook Highland Pkwy. Call 313-7777 if you need directions.
Cantebury United Church Mountain Brook off of Overlook Road
-Gardendale Civic Center
-Leeds Civic Center
ST. CLAIR COUNTY
-Pell City Civic Center
-Victory Christian School, 154 Victory Ln, Pell City, AL 35125
-Bible Methodish Campground, 1355 Chula Vista Drive, Pell City. If you're on I-20 take exit 153.
-Moody Methodist Church, 820 Church Street
-Steele Methodist Church
-Springville Methodist Church
-Pell City Courthouse
-New Generation Ministry in Jasper
-Townley Church of God in Townley will open their life center Wednesday and Thursday night
-First Baptist Church Sylacauga
-Salvation Army in Gadsden, 114 North 11th Street
-Glencoe Fire Hall
-Altoona Community Center
-If you or someone you know needs access to a warm place, please call 311 or 205-349-2121 for more information about warming stations.
-Goodwater gym at the Caldwell Center
-Anniston: The Salvation Army on Noble Street. Warming station hours are from 8 a.m. until 5 pm. As always, the Salvation Army shelter is available 24/7 for anyone who needs a place to stay overnight.
-Anniston: The Greenbrier Baptist Church will be providing a warming station at their church beginning Tuesday, Jan. 29 at 5 p.m. until Thursday, Jan. 30 at 8 a.m. They have cots and blankets that were provided by Red Cross. They are asking for assistance for perishable food items, monetary donations and toiletries.
If you know of a shelter that is open, please email the details to email@example.com.
Copyright 2014 WBRC. All rights reserved.
By Alan Duke
Justin Bieber was charged with drunken driving, resisting arrest and driving without a valid license after police saw the pop star street racing early Thursday morning, Miami Beach police said.
"What the f*** did I do? Why did you stop me?" Bieber asked the police officer who pulled him over just after 4 a.m., according to the arrest report.
Bieber, 19, was released from a Miami jail an hour after he made a brief appearance through a video link before a Miami judge, who set a "standard" $2,500 bond Thursday afternoon.
He strutted out of the jail dressed in black, with a baggy hoodie covering his head. His pants appeared to be baggy leather. Bieber briefly sat on top of a black Cadillac Escalade, where he waved to screaming fans, before he was chauffeured away.
At the bail hearing, the singer, dressed in an orange jail uniform, stood silently with his lips sometimes pursed as attorney Roy Black represented him in the hearing earlier.
Black told Judge Joseph Farina that he had been retained by Bieber's manager. He said his partner had been denied access to Bieber in jail before the hearing.
Bieber was booked into a Miami jail after failing a sobriety test, Miami Beach Police Chief Raymond Martinez told reporters Thursday.
Bieber "made some statements that he had consumed some alcohol, and that he had been smoking marijuana and consumed some prescription medication," Martinez said.
A Miami Beach officer saw Bieber driving a yellow Lamborghini in a race against a red Ferrari in a residential area of Miami Beach, Martinez said. The cars were speeding at about 55 to 60 mph in a 30 mph zone, he said.
Police report details Bieber arrest
The officer pulled Bieber's car over, but the singer was "was not cooperating with the officer's instructions," Martinez said.
"At first, he was a little belligerent, using some choice words questioning why he was being stopped and why the officer was even questioning him," he said.
He allegedly ignored a police officer's request to keep his hands on the car while he did "a cursory patdown for weapons," the report said.
"I ain't got no f***ing weapons," the arresting officer quoted Bieber as saying. "Why do you have to search me? What the f*** is this about?"
The arrest report describes Bieber as having a "flushed face, bloodshot eyes, and the odor of alcohol on his breath."
Bieber failed a field sobriety test, Miami Beach Police Sgt. Bobby Hernandez told CNN.
Two black SUVs blocked the traffic at 26th and Pine Tree Drive, which "facilitated an open road" for the two cars to race on Pine Tree, the report said.
The Ferrari's driver, identified as 19-year-old Def Jam recording artist Khalil Sharieff, was also arrested on a drunken driving charge, police said.
Sharieff posted a photo on his Instagram account of Bieber in the yellow Lamborghini with a woman behind the wheel early Thursday. "U know bizzle brought that lambo out," he wrote in the caption.
Another posting showed a photo of a Ferrari steering wheel with the caption: "Miami nights ridin thru yo city in that hot wheel."
A tweet posted Wednesday evening on Sharieff's verfied Twitter account linked to a video of him playing basketball with Bieber.
Bieber flew to Miami on Monday.
Another police department in the Miami area is investigating a report that some of its officers escorted Bieber's caravan between Miami strip clubs this week without authorization.
Opa-Locka Assistant City Manager David Chiverton toldCNN affiliate WSVN-TV that "at some point, the escort took them at least to two locations that we know of."
"The police administration had no knowledge of this escort, and it is not the norm for those things to occur without the chief and his administration authorizing such escorts," Chiverton told the TV station.
Thursday's incident marks the first time the teen singer has been arrested, although he is under investigation on allegations of egging his California neighbor's home.
Los Angeles County sheriff's deputies used a felony search warrant last week to raid Bieber's mansion in the felony vandalism investigation. They seized Bieber's iPhone and the security camera system, which detectives have been examining for clues about who tossed eggs over a fence that splattered onto the next-door house, causing an estimated $20,000 in damage.
Bieber is having some issues
Deputies have also investigated reports by Bieber's neighbors that he raced his expensive sports car down the streets of the exclusive Oaks community of Calabasas, California, but no charges ever resulted.
One neighbor accused Bieber of spitting in his face during a heated confrontation last March. Deputies have responded to complaints about loud parties at Bieber's place.
The Los Angeles County district attorney's office concluded it couldn't prove the spitting or speeding cases in court, so it declined to prosecute.
Prosecutors also rejected a misdemeanor battery complaint from a photographer who accused Bieber of attacking him in the parking lot of a Calabasas shopping center as he was taking photos of Bieber and his then-girlfriend, Selena Gomez, in May 2012.
"We didn't do this search warrant to send a message," Sheriff's Lt. David Thompson said last week. "That's not what we do, but we hope maybe that understanding the gravity of this will change some of the behavior."
By Associated Press,
The world knows Nelson Mandela as a man who forever changed the course of modern history and who will surely continue to leave his mark long after his death Thursday at the age of 95.
You may know that he spent 27 years in prison, that he led South Africa out of apartheid and that he served as his nation’s first black president.
But did you know about the role of rugby in his legacy? His musings on Valentine’s Day? The lessons he taught sympathetic prison guards during his time behind bars?
Here are some details from Mandela’s life that you might not have known.
FATHER OF THE NATION
Nelson Mandela’s place as South Africa’s premier hero is so secure that the central bank released new banknotes in 2012 showing his face. Busts and statues in his likeness dot the country and buildings, squares and other places are named after him. At Soweto’s Regina Mundi Catholic church, a center of protests and funeral services for activists during the apartheid years, there is a stained glass image of Mandela with arms raised. South African Airways even emblazoned his silhouetted image on planes.
A $1.25 million project to digitally preserve a record of Mandela’s life went online last year at http://archive.nelsonmandela.org. The project by Google and Mandela’s archivists gives researchers — and anyone else — access to hundreds of documents, photographs and videos. In one 1995 note, written in lines of neat handwriting in blue ink, Mandela muses on Valentine’s day. It appears to be a draft of a letter to a young admirer, in which Mandela said his rural upbringing by illiterate parents left him “colossally ignorant” about simple things like a holiday devoted to romance.
At his inauguration, Mandela stood hand on heart, saluted by white generals as he sang along to two anthems: the apartheid-era Afrikaans “Die Stem” (”The Voice”) and the African “Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika” (”Lord Bless Africa”).
A NEW LIFE
When Mandela went free after 27 years, he walked hand-in-hand with his wife Winnie out of a prison on the South African mainland, and raised his right fist in triumph. In his autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom,” he would write: “As I finally walked through those gates ... I felt — even at the age of seventy-one — that my life was beginning anew.”
A WAYS TO GO
Mandela is widely credited with helping to avert race-driven chaos as South Africa emerged from apartheid. But he could not forge lasting solutions to poverty, unemployment and other social ills that still plague his country. Though relatively stable, it has struggled to live up to its rosy depiction as the “Rainbow Nation.”
Since apartheid ended, the country has peacefully held four parliamentary elections and elected three presidents, and Mandela’s African National Congress said in 2013 the economy had expanded 83 percent since 1994. But corruption in the party has undercut some of its early promise, and the white minority is far wealthier than the black majority, partly fueling violent crime.
Mandela’s last public appearance was in 2010. Bundled up against the cold, he smiled broadly and waved to the crowd at the Soccer City stadium during the closing ceremony of the World Cup, an event that allowed his country to take the world spotlight. Mandela had kept a low profile during the monthlong tournament, deciding against attending the opening ceremony after the death of his great-grand daughter in a traffic accident following a World Cup concert.
MANDELA THE RECONCILER
Mandela was born the son of a tribal chief in Transkei, a Xhosa homeland. Many South Africans of all races call him by his clan name, Madiba, which means “reconciler,” as a token of affection and respect.
THE HARSHER SIDE
Despite his saintly image, Mandela could be harsh. When black journalists mildly criticized his government, he painted them as stooges of the whites who owned the media. Whites with complaints were sometimes dismissed as pining for their old privileges. To critics of his closeness to Fidel Castro and Moammar Gadhafi, Mandela insisted he wouldn’t forsake supporters of the anti-apartheid struggle.
Mandela eventually turned to fighting AIDS, publicly acknowledging in 2005 that his son, Makgatho, had died of the disease. The nation, which has the most people living with HIV in the world at 5.6 million, still faces stigma and high rates of infection.
Mandela celebrated holidays and hosted dignitaries among the huts of rural Qunu in a replica of the prison guard’s home where he lived during his final days of confinement. Ever self-deprecating, Mandela maintained he chose to recreate the home from Victor Verster prison because he was already familiar with it and wouldn’t “have to wander at night looking for the kitchen.” But his fellow South Africans saw the decision as an inspiring way to transform the old structure of imprisonment into one of freedom. Many of Mandela’s close relatives live in Qunu, and the family burial plot is just yards from the home.
‘A DEMOCRATIC AND FREE SOCIETY’
A statement Mandela made during his 1964 sabotage trial revealed his resolve in the fight to end white racist rule. “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people,” Mandela said. “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
Two months later, he and seven other defendants were sentenced to life in prison.
UNITED BY RUGBY
In 1995, Mandela strode onto the field at the Rugby World Cup final in Johannesburg wearing South African colors and bringing the overwhelmingly white crowd of more than 60,000 to its feet. “Nelson! Nelson! Nelson!” they chanted as the president congratulated the victorious home team. Mandela’s decision to wear the Springbok emblem, the symbol once hated by blacks, conveyed the message that rugby, so long shunned by the black population, was now for all South Africans.
Mandela became South Africa’s first black president in 1994. At the close of his inauguration speech, he said: “Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.”
“Let freedom reign. The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement! God bless Africa!”
Mandela was confined to the harsh Robben Island prison off the coast of Cape Town for most of his time behind bars. He and others quarried limestone there, working seven hours a day nearly every day for 12 years, until forced labor was abolished on the island. In secret, Mandela — inmate No. 46664 — wrote at night in his tiny concrete-floored cell.
It was forbidden to quote him or publish his photo, but go-betweens ferried messages from prisoners to anti-apartheid leaders in exile. Prisoners gathered in small groups for Socratic seminars, and Mandela offered lessons on the movement to guards he thought would be open to persuasion. All the guards were white; all the prisoners were black, mixed race, or Asian.
‘LOOK INTO YOURSELF’
“People tend to measure themselves by external accomplishments, but jail allows a person to focus on internal ones; such as honesty, sincerity, simplicity, humility, generosity and an absence of variety,” Mandela says in one of the many quotations displayed at the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg. “You learn to look into yourself.”
NELSON AND WINNIE
Nelson Mandela divorced Winnie Madikizela-Mandela in 1996, ending a powerful political partnership that had lasted through decades of struggle. As he remained behind bars, she became an activist leader in her own right, leading marches with a fist raised and building a base among the radical wing of the African National Congress. Madikizela-Mandela lost influence as Mandela pushed the ANC along a moderate course.
They had grown apart politically by the time he emerged from prison, and soon the personal toll of the years of physical separation became apparent. But after Mandela retired from public life and focused on the family that had been relegated to second place during his struggle against apartheid, the mother of two of his daughters was welcome alongside his third wife at Christmases and birthdays.
After his retirement from the presidency, Mandela regularly worked from an office in the recently refurbished Johannesburg building that houses the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory. The office includes framed photographs of Mandela in healthier times with his wife, Graca Machel, former U.N. chief Kofi Annan, fellow activist Walter Sisulu, and others.
A boxing glove, cricket bat and a British police helmet are among the gifts on display. Glass cases show penned messages in books given to Mandela from people including Nadine Gordimer, the South African author and winner of the Nobel literature prize in 1991. Cornel West, an American civil rights activist, addressed his book, “Democracy Matters,” to: “Bro’ Nelson Mandela.”
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
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